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Lake Mary / Orange City / Oviedo (407) 391-3344

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Friday, 08 January 2021 14:17

Skin Cancers in the Feet

What Are Skin Cancers of the Feet?

Skin cancer can develop anywhere on the body, including in the lower extremities. Skin cancers of the feet have several features in common. Most are painless, and often there is a history of recurrent cracking, bleeding, or ulceration. Frequently, individuals discover their skin cancer after unrelated ailments near the affected site.

Causes

We often view the sun's harmful rays as the primary cause of skin cancer; the condition is often found on parts of the body that receive the most sun exposure. Skin cancers of the feet, however, are more often related to viruses, exposure to chemicals, chronic inflammation or irritation, or inherited traits. Unfortunately, the skin of the feet is often overlooked during routine medical examinations, and for this reason, it important that the feet are checked regularly for abnormalities that might indicate evolving skin cancer.

Types and Symptoms

Some of the most common cancers of the feet are:

Basal Cell Carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma frequently is seen on sun-exposed skin surfaces. With feet being significantly less exposed to the sun, it occurs there less often. This form of skin cancer is one of the least aggressive cancers in the body. It will cause local damage but only rarely spreads beyond the skin. Basal cell cancers may appear as pearly white bumps or patches that may ooze or crust and look like an open sore. On the skin of the lower legs and feet, basal cell cancers often resemble non-cancerous skin tumors or benign ulcers. 

Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common form of cancer on the skin of the feet. Most types of early squamous cell carcinoma are confined to the skin and do not spread. However, when advanced, some can become more aggressive and spread throughout the body. This form of cancer often begins as a small scaly bump or plaque, which may appear inflamed. Sometimes there is a history of recurrent cracking or bleeding. Occasionally it begins as a hard projecting callus-like lesion. Though squamous cell cancer is painless, it may be itchy. Squamous cell cancer may resemble a plantar wart, a fungal infection, eczema, an ulcer, or other common skin conditions of the foot.

Malignant Melanoma: Malignant melanoma is one of the deadliest skin cancers known. Non-surgical treatments are rarely effective, and many remain experimental. This type of skin cancer must be detected very early to ensure patient survival. Melanomas may occur on the skin of the feet and on occasion beneath a toenail. They are found both on the soles and on the top of the feet. As a melanoma grows and extends deeper into the skin, it becomes more serious and may spread through the body through the lymphatics and blood vessels.

Malignant melanoma has many potential appearances, leading to its nickname, “The Great Masquerader.” This skin cancer commonly begins as a small brown-black spot or bump; however, roughly one third of cases lack brown pigment and thus appear pink or red. These tumors may resemble common moles; however, close inspection will usually demonstrate asymmetry, irregular borders, alterations in color, and/or a diameter greater than 6 mm.  Melanomas may resemble benign moles, blood blisters, ingrown nails, plantar warts, ulcers caused by poor circulation, foreign bodies, or bruises. 

When to Visit a Podiatrist

Podiatrists are uniquely trained as lower extremity specialists to recognize and treat abnormal conditions on the skin of the lower legs and feet. Skin cancers affecting the feet may have a very different appearance from those arising on the rest of the body. For this reason, a podiatrist's knowledge and clinical training is of extreme importance for patients for the early detection of both benign and malignant skin tumors.

Learn the ABCDs of melanoma. If you notice a mole, bump, or patch on the skin that meets any of the following criteria, see a podiatrist immediately:

  • Asymmetry - If the lesion is divided in half, the sides don't match.
  • Borders - Borders look scalloped, uneven, or ragged.
  • Color - There may be more than one color. These colors may have an uneven distribution.
  • Diameter – The lesion is wider than a pencil eraser (greater than 6 mm).

To detect other types of skin cancer, look for spontaneous ulcers and non-healing sores, bumps that crack or bleed, nodules with rolled or “donut-shaped” edges, or scaly areas.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Your podiatrist will investigate the possibility of skin cancer both through a clinical examination and with the use of a skin biopsy. A skin biopsy is a simple procedure in which a small sample of the skin lesion is obtained and sent to a specialized laboratory where a skin pathologist will examine the tissue in greater detail. If a lesion is determined to be cancerous, your podiatrist will recommend the best course of treatment for your condition.

Prevention

Prevention of skin cancer on the feet and ankles is similar to any other body part. Limit sun exposure, and make sure to apply appropriate sunscreen when you are outdoors and your feet and ankles are exposed.



Thursday, 17 December 2020 02:17

Did I break something?

 

Common Ankle Fracture and Foot Fracture Guide

If you think something is not right with your foot or ankle call today and make an appointment. This might be caused by a fracture [or commonly a break] in a bone. Because our foot and ankle rarely get any real rest, it is important to have proper treatment of any foot fracture or ankle fracture as soon as possible.

10% of all fractures occur in the foot and ankle. As common as it is, many delay treatment believing it isn't anything serious. Delaying treatment can lead to more serious problems. 

Wednesday, 26 August 2020 12:54

Nerve testing

Learn more about neuropathy testing here

Nerve testing

Saturday, 08 August 2020 14:06

Understanding Lasers

Understanding Laser Therapy

Here describes some of the basic science behind our Laser treatment for pain

UPDATE: We are now equipped to perform TELEMEDICINE Appointments. We appreciate your cooperation with our scheduling to do our part with the current CoronaVirus Pandemic. If you would like to set up a telemedicine appointment in lieu of a follow up, we are happy to accommodate! Give us a call at 407-391-3344.

 

We are screening all patients for symptoms and ask those at risk to remain home or having symptoms to seek medical attention. We are seeing those requiring outpatient medical care, especially emergencies, postoperative patients.

 

We will see emergencies to do our part in the medical community and allow the hospitals to see as many patients as it possibly can.

 

We’ll take care of as many foot and ankle emergencies as we can.

 

Patients are screened with a questionnaire as well and thermal temperatures are being checked. Also, patients can wait in their cars and perform a car check in.

 

Feel free to touch base with any questions: 407-391-3344.

 

Are you suffering from inexplicable foot pain? A study  has found that insulin resistance could be a case of your achy feet! . 

 What exactly is insulin resistance?  We in the medical community use the term insulin resistance to explain why the body does not respond properly to the insulin it makes. Eventually, this will send your blood sugar high, cause you and your doctor unwanted stress.

How do I know if I have insulin resistance? It is not really possible to know because it does not make you feel different. You should have you blood sugar tested.

Find out more about what it means to be insulin resistant, and possibly reverse your foot pain.

Monday, 18 March 2019 00:00

Types of Foot Stretches

Many people find it beneficial to practice daily foot stretches. Injuries may be prevented when the feet are flexible, and everyday activities may be easier to accomplish. An effective stretch is referred to as the towel stretch. This is done by sitting down and wrapping a towel around your feet and pulling gently toward you. If you are afflicted with plantar fasciitis, it may be helpful to stand on a step, and place your heels off the edge. The stretch can be felt while the heels move up and down. The sole of the foot can be stretched by standing on a golf or tennis ball and rolling it between the toes and the heels. This may help tired feet to feel better at the end of the day. If you would like additional information about the benefits of stretching the feet, please speak to a podiatrist.

Stretching the feet is a great way to prevent injuries. If you have any concerns with your feet consult with Dr. Jefferson Mennuti from On 2 Feet. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Stretching the Feet

Stretching the muscles in the foot is an important part in any physical activity. Feet that are tight can lead to less flexibility and make you more prone to injury. One of the most common forms of foot pain, plantar fasciitis, can be stretched out to help ease the pain. Stretching can not only ease pain from plantar fasciitis but also prevent it as well. However, it is important to see a podiatrist first if stretching is right for you. Podiatrists can also recommend other ways to stretch your feet. Once you know whether stretching is right for you, here are some excellent stretches you can do.

  • Using a foam roller or any cylindrical object (a water bottle or soda can will do), roll the object under your foot back and forth. You should also exert pressure on the object. Be sure to do this to both feet for a minute. Do this exercise three times each.
  • Similar to the previous one, take a ball, such as a tennis ball, and roll it under your foot while seated and exert pressure on it.
  • Grab a resistance band or towel and take a seat. If you are using a towel, fold it length wise. Next put either one between the ball of your foot and heel and pull with both hands on each side towards you. Hold this for 15 seconds and then switch feet. Do this three times for each foot.
  • Finally hold your big toe while crossing one leg over the other. Pull the toe towards you and hold for 15 seconds. Once again do this three times per foot.

It is best to go easy when first stretching your foot and work your way up. If your foot starts hurting, stop exercising and ice and rest the foot. It is advised to then see a podiatrist for help.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Lake Mary, and Orange City, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Stretch Your Feet

Living with foot pain is hard on your body.  Give us a call and let us find out what's wrong.

The name of the shoes that are known as flip flops comes from the sound that is made while they are being worn. Despite the fact they are a popular summer shoe and are fun to wear, they may cause subtle changes to the foot as a result of the change in gait. The majority of flip flops do not provide adequate support and stability for the foot, and this may cause the toes to grip the front of the shoe. Pain may gradually be felt in the sole of the foot, and this may be indicative of plantar fasciitis. Many people find their ankles may roll inward while walking in an effort to keep the shoe on, and this may lead to unwanted ankle problems. There may be other choices of shoes to wear that can positively affect the foot, and if you would like additional information about this, it is suggested to speak to a podiatrist.

Flip-flops can cause a lot of problems for your feet. If you have any concerns about your feet or ankles, contact Dr. Jefferson Mennuti from On 2 Feet. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

Flip-Flops and Feet

Flip-flops have managed to become a summer essential for a lot of people. While the shoes may be stylish and easy to slip on and off, they can be dangerous to those who wear them too often. These shoes might protect you from fungal infections such as athlete’s foot, but they can also give you foot pain and sprained ankles if you trip while wearing them.

When are they okay to wear?

Flip-flops should only be worn for very short periods of time. They can help protect your feet in places that are crawling with fungi, such as gym locker rooms. Athlete’s foot and plantar warts are two common fungi that flip-flops may help protect your feet against.

Why are they bad for my feet?

These shoes do not offer any arch support, so they are not ideal for everyday use. They also do not provide shock absorption or heel cushioning which can be problematic for your feet. Additionally, you may suffer from glass cuts, puncture wounds, and stubbed toes since they offer little protection for your feet.

More Reasons Why They Are Bad for Your Feet

  • They Slow You Down
  • May Cause Blisters and Calluses
  • Expose Your Feet to Bacteria

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Lake Mary, and Orange City, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Flipping Out About Flip Flops
Monday, 04 March 2019 00:00

Is Foot Therapy Effective?

If an injury should occur to the foot or ankle, foot therapy may be an avenue that is pursued to obtain mild relief. There are many foot conditions that would benefit from having physical therapy performed, and these may include plantar fasciitis, or foot and ankle stress fractures. Some patients find it helpful to use this form of therapy to aid in recovering from foot or ankle surgery, and it may help in regaining full range of motion. Additionally, flexibility and overall strength in the feet and ankles may improve when specific muscles are stretched. If you would like to know more about the benefits of foot therapy, please consult with a podiatrist who can properly guide you.

Foot therapy is often necessary for those recovering from either foot deformities or foot injuries. If you have concerns regarding therapy, Dr. Jefferson Mennuti of On 2 Feet. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Most Common Injuries

People who are active or athletes are prone to a variety of injuries. Therefore, it is often important to take part in physical therapy in order to quickly get back on the right track. 

What To Do When Injured

Physical Therapy – This specialized treatment will focus on the affected area, speeding up recovery and the overall healing process. It is a proven method that has helped millions of people return from any injury.

During physical therapy you will undergo regimented training to get back into full form. Training is often very difficult, especially at first when the foot feels weak. Physical therapy often involves:

Basic stretching and twisting exercises – getting the feet’s mobility and flexibility up.

Massaging – the therapist will massage the injured area in order to activate the muscles and relax them.

Strengthening Exercises – this allows the muscles in the affected area to regain their full strength, a vital step towards full recovery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Lake Mary, and Orange City, FL. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Therapy for Sports Injuries
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